Diabetes is a serious yet very common medical ailment. Diabetics need to ensure that they are able to manage their blood sugars and regularly monitor them to be certain they are within their target range. We have several types of diabetes, though the major ones are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. They often differ based on what causes them.
It is possible to have sudden symptoms of diabetes, or a diagnosis may surprise you because the symptoms have been gradual over many months or years.
Warning signs of diabetes
The symptoms of diabetes can occur over time or quickly and the various types of diabetes may have similar or different warning signs. Some general warning signs of diabetes include:
· Extreme thirst
· Dry mouth
· Frequent urination
· Blurred vision
· Yeast infections
· Dry skin
Who is at risk for diabetes?
Diabetes can happen at any time and there are some certain risk factors for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Although, this is not an exhaustive list, and even adults can end up with type 1 diabetes, however it is not usual.
Type 1 diabetes
The people who are at risk for this type of diabetes include children, young adults, and those with an immediate relative with type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
The following people are at risk of this type of diabetes: those over age 45, those who are overweight, those who are inactive, those who smoke, those who have a family history of diabetes, those of particular ethnicities, and those with a history of insulin resistance.
It is possible to experience one or more of the warning signs that are associated with diabetes and when you do, kindly contact your medical doctor. You might even discover a diabetes diagnosis after visiting the doctor for another condition or for routine blood work.
Therefore, when you suspect that you are having diabetes, consult the doctor as they will want to know:
· Your symptoms
· Family history
There are different tests to diagnose diabetes which includes:
· A1C: This test reveals what your blood glucose level has averaged for the last two or three months. This doesn’t require you to fast or drink anything.
· Fasting plasma glucose (FPG): It is necessary for you to fast for at least eight hours before this test is carried out.
· Oral glucose tolerance (OGTT): This test takes two to three hours. The blood glucose levels are tested initially and then repeated at intervals for two hours after taking a specific sweet drink.
· Random plasma glucose test: This can be done any time and doesn’t need to be fasting.
There are different ways to treat diabetes. Diet, physical activity and careful monitoring are essential if you have diabetes, regardless of the type you have. For those with type 1 diabetes, they need to take insulin for the rest of their life because their body doesn’t produce insulin.
If you have type 2 diabetes, it can be possible to control your condition with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet. You may also need to take oral or injectable medications such as insulin or metformin, to manage the blood sugar levels.
Diabetics definitely need to carefully study their diet for them to prevent blood sugar levels from getting too high. This implies watching carbohydrate intake as well as reducing over-processed, low-fiber foods.
Not in all cases can you prevent diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can’t be prevented but you may be able to reduce the chances of developing type 2 diabetes by managing the diet and staying active. However, genetics and other risk factors can contribute to the increase of your risk despite your best effort.
Diabetes requires careful planning and management but it shouldn’t prevent you from engaging and enjoying every day activities.
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